Patellofemoral Syndrome (PFS)

Patellofemoral syndrome (PFS) is a very common cause of knee pain in all age groups. It causes a dull and achey discomfort in and around the knee cap, aggravated by activities such as running, jumping, prolonged walking, up and down stairs, climbing, and prolonged sitting. When the patella is not moving or “tracking” properly over the femur, PFS can develop. A few causes of PFS include:

  • Muscle imbalances in the quadriceps causing the patella to move improperly through the groove in the femur. This imbalance pulls the patella off its track through the groove.
  • Weakness in the hips and glutes, causing the femurs to internally or medially rotate.
  • Anatomic variations such as knock-knees, shallow patellofemoral groove, and patella tilt that causes increased contact of the patella to the femur.
  • Problems with the feet such as flat feet or fallen arches, which puts additional stress on the knee cap.

In the video, our amazing PCSM athletic trainers, Hannah and Michelle, demonstrate 3 super easy home exercises for PFS. Do this daily and you will see results very soon!